IQ, OQ, and PQ validation is a critical process for laboratory equipment in the biotech industry. It is a component of ensuring accurate results from your lab equipment – whether it’s calibration, repair, or a new installation in San Francisco.

Knowing about the process will help assure that you get reliable data. In this blog post, we’ll explore what they mean, why they’re important, and we’ll also look at how to perform plus how to get assistance with IQ, OQ, and PQ validation in San Francisco.

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What Are IQ, OQ, and PQ?

These three steps form the validation process used in the biotech industry, and are acronyms for Installation Qualification (IQ), Operational Qualification (OQ), and Performance Qualification (PQ).

These requirements are there to make sure the equipment is installed and operated in the way specified by the manufacturer.

Installation qualification

Installation qualification involves verifying that all components have been installed according to the manufacturer’s specifications.

This entails inspecting parts for physical damage or defects, testing that connections between components are sound, checking that the necessary power requirements are met, confirming that software versions are current, and making sure that safety features are activated.

Operational qualification

Operational qualification verifies that all functions of the equipment operate within established parameters, such as temperature control accuracy or speed accuracy.

This tests if the alarms work properly, enabling operators to safely use the device without risk of harm from incorrect operation or malfunctioning parts.

Performance qualification

Performance qualification evaluates the instrument’s ability to meet its intended performance criteria over a period of time and under different environmental conditions.

This evaluates how well it maintains its performance with minimal maintenance needs, like calibration intervals. All discrepancies identified during this stage must have  corrective actions taken before further use can be authorized.

To confirm safe operation and accurate results each time they are used, IQ, OQ, and PQ should always be performed before using any new laboratory equipment.

By understanding why these qualifications are necessary, we can better understand how to properly implement them in laboratories in San Francisco.


Key Takeaway : IQ, OQ, and PQ are the three steps of the validation process. They confirm that the equipment is installed correctly, operates as expected, and performs as specified by the manufacturer. This guarantees safe operation and reliable results every time they are used.

Why Are IQ, OQ, and PQ Important?

Installation Qualification (IQ) can confirm all safety features are functioning properly, protecting your staff from unnecessary risks.

Operational Qualification (OQ) can identify any potential issues before they become problems during actual use in a laboratory setting.

Performance Qualification (PQ) gives operators confidence that their instruments will continue performing reliably even after long periods of use.

IQ, OQ, and PQ are essential for guaranteeing the safety of laboratory equipment, by understanding them, we can ensure that our laboratory is up-to-date with current standards and regulations.

How Are IQ, OQ, and PQ Performed?

For Installation Qualification (IQ), professionals will be check connections, wire diagrams and other components related to installation.

With Operational Qualification (OQ), they will test functionality of the equipment by running tests such as calibration checks or system performance tests.

For Performance Qualification (PQ), they validate that the equipment meets its intended use by running tests such as accuracy checks or environmental stress tests.

To illustrate, when a new centrifuge is installed in a laboratory setting, an IQ must be conducted to verify that all components have been connected correctly and safety protocols followed.

An OQ then follows to test the functionality of the equipment by running calibration checks or system performance tests.

To finish the process, PQ checks that the equipment meets its intended use through accuracy checks or environmental stress tests with samples run at various speeds.

Now that you know why IQ, OQ, and PQ so important for the accuracy of laboratory equipment. Read on to find out more about where you can get assistance in San Francisco.


Key Takeaway : IQ, OQ, and PQ are essential in the validation process for laboratory equipment to ensure proper operation prior to use. They involve verifying installation, testing functionality, and validating performance against predetermined parameters. Regularly performing these qualifications helps maintain optimal performance levels over time.

When do you use IQ, OQ and PQ?

When it comes to the approval of medical devices by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), manufacturers must adhere to a stringent set of standards to ensure that these products are safe, effective and fit for their intended use.

In the FDA’s regulations 21 CFR 820, subsection 75.a, it states: “Where the results of a process cannot be fully verified by subsequent inspection and test, the process shall be validated with a high degree of assurance and approved according to established procedures. The validation activities and results, including the date and signature of the individual(s) approving the validation and where appropriate the major equipment validated, shall be documented.”

All procedures used by these companies to take their products from early development stages to market must meet FDA standards before any product can be introduced into the marketplace.

Validation applies to every step of the biotech process, including research and development, quality control, manufacture and supply chain management. It is necessary to validate not only the end product, but also all the processes leading up to its completion in order for it to be approved by the FDA for sale or use in clinical trials. Validated processes are also critical when it comes to evaluating safety parameters such as product potency and purity.

Where Can I Get Help With IQ, OQ, and PQ Validation in San Francisco?

Biotechnical Services Inc. in San Francisco is exactly who you need! We provide reliable validation of all types of lab equipment. The results generated by your lab equipment will be as accurate and reliable as possible thanks to the extensive training and experience of our technicians.

We are aware of how critical accuracy is to the success of experiments and tests carried out in laboratories. Depending on the type of instrument being validated, we offer comprehensive validation services that include testing protocols like linearity checks or temperature mapping studies.

At Biotechnical Services Inc., meeting the needs of our customers is always our top priority. As a result, we take great care to deliver high-calibre services to our customers at competitive prices.


Key Takeaway : IQ, OQ, and PQ validation of laboratory equipment is essential for ensuring accuracy, safety and quality assurance. Steps include: installation, functional testing, performance verification and documentation reporting.


What is the difference between performance qualification and operational qualification?

Performance Qualification (PQ) is a process used to verify that laboratory equipment performs as expected and meets the requirements of its intended use. It typically involves running tests with known parameters, such as temperature or pressure, to ensure accuracy and repeatability.

Operational Qualification (OQ) is a process used to verify that laboratory equipment functions properly according to manufacturer specifications. This includes verifying the proper operation of all components, safety features, alarms, and other operational characteristics. OQ also verifies that the equipment can be operated safely by personnel without any risk of harm or injury.

What are installation qualification FDA requirements?

Installation qualification (IQ) is a process required by the FDA to ensure that laboratory equipment is installed correctly and meets all necessary requirements. It involves verifying that the equipment was properly assembled, connected, and calibrated according to manufacturer specifications.

IQ also requires documenting any changes made during installation or setup of the equipment. This documentation must be kept on file for future reference in case of an audit or inspection by the FDA. Additionally, it ensures that laboratory personnel are adequately trained in using the equipment before they can begin working with it.

What is the difference between SAT and IQ OQ?

SAT (Software Acceptance Testing) and IQ OQ (Installation Qualification/Operational Qualification) are two distinct tests used to ensure the quality of laboratory equipment.

SAT is a test that verifies if the software installed on the device meets all requirements, while IQ OQ checks whether or not the hardware components have been properly installed and configured for optimal performance. Additionally, IQ OQ also evaluates how well a piece of equipment functions in its intended environment by testing operational parameters such as temperature, pressure, flow rate etc. In summary, SAT ensures that software works correctly, while IQ OQ verifies that hardware has been properly installed and is functioning optimally.


In conclusion, IQ, OQ, and PQ are important processes for guaranteeing the safety and accuracy of laboratory equipment. It is essential to have these qualifications performed correctly in order to ensure that your laboratory equipment is functioning properly.

If you need help with installation qualification operational qualification and performance qualification validation in San Francisco, Biotechnical Services Inc. specializes in this service and can provide the assistance you need. Contact us today to learn how we can help!